What is a Collaborative Divorce Participation Agreement?

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When spouses agree to utilize the collaborative process to dissolve their marriage, the parties and their attorneys will sign a Participation Agreement.  The Participation Agreement is a contract that sets forth the terms and expectations of the parties throughout the collaborative divorce process.  

By signing the Participation Agreement, the parties are committed to the collaborative divorce process.  This ensures that the spouses and their attorneys are devoted to a negotiated settlement.

While the specific language of a Participation Agreement may vary, there are essential components that you can expect to be included the document. 

1.    No Court Intervention

The Participation Agreement sets forth that the parties and attorneys agree that they will resolve all matters in dispute by settlement agreement only.  Neither party nor counsel will seek Court intervention to resolve disputed matters. 

2.    Attorney Disqualification by Court Intervention

The Participation Agreement will clarify that the scope of the attorneys’ representation is to participate in the collaborative process.  If at any point either spouse seeks Court intervention to resolve a disputed matter, both attorneys will withdraw from the case.  At that point, the parties would need to seek new legal counsel.  This requirement ensures that not only are both parties committed to the process, both attorneys are as well. 

3.    Release of Information

As part of the collaborative divorce process, the parties agree to release relevant and necessary information to all parties, including the lawyers and other team members, if appropriate.  This is an important provision in the Participation Agreement because it allows for open, frank, and direct communication to resolves all issues from a solutions-based approach.  Due to the collaborative nature of the process, the attorneys may learn of information that they might not have otherwise if the parties were engaged in traditional litigation. 

4.    Agreement of Full Disclosure

Parties participating in the collaborative process agree to open, honest, and transparent communication regarding all relevant issues.  As such, the Participation Agreement will require the complete and full disclosure of any necessary information or documents.

5.    Integrity, Professionalism, and Transparency

Parties to the collaborative divorce process commit themselves to resolving all matters without litigation.  For the process to be effective, the Participation Agreement requires that the parties commit themselves to being open, honest, professional, and transparent in the process.  

The Participation Agreement provides an important foundation for the success of the collaborative divorce process.  If you’re interested in collaborative divorce, make sure you discuss with your lawyer the details of the Participation Agreement to make sure you fully understand the what is expected of each party and how the process will unfold. 

By:  Angela Lennon, collaborative attorney at Koenig│Dunne, PC, LLO.  Contact Angela at www.koenigdunne.com or (402) 346-1132.


Choose Not to Declare War: Choose Collaborative Divorce


When a couple decides to divorce, they have many decisions to make.  But it starts with how they will divorce.  One of the ways to do divorce in Nebraska is through the collaborative process.  In the collaborative process, the spouses literally choose not to declare war; they make the choice to be civil and professional with each other despite how they feel about each other.  During the process, they will agree to take off their gloves and not fight.  This doesn’t mean it’s easy, but it does mean that the spouses will remain in control of their outcome.  When spouses can maintain control over their case (with the assistant of advocates), they are better able to manage their finances, their parenting time and their living arrangements.

If you’ve decided to divorce, learn about the collaborative process in Nebraska.  Join us for a Divorce Options Workshop every Second Saturday of the month.  At this workshop, you’ll learn about how to take the war out of divorce and move on in a civil manner.

By: Tracy Hightower-Henne
      Hightower Reff
      Collaborative Practice Attorney

Is Collaborative Divorce the right choice for me?

Divorce or the ending of a long-term relationship is a sensitive and personal matter. No single approach is right for everyone. Many couples find Collaborative Divorce to be a welcome alternative to the often destructive, and sometimes very expensive aspects of court proceedings.

If the following values are important to you, Collaborative Practice is likely to be a workable option for you:

  • I want us to communicate with a tone of respect.
  • I want to prioritize the needs of our children.
  • My needs and those of my spouse/partner require equal consideration, and I will listen objectively.
  • I believe that working creatively and cooperatively resolves issues.
  • It is important to reach beyond today's frustration and pain to plan for the future.
  • I can behave ethically toward my spouse/partner.
  • I choose to maintain control of the divorce/separation process with my spouse/partner, and not relegate it to the courts.

If this path reflects your own thinking, we suggest that you talk to a Collaborative lawyer, Collaborative coach, child specialist or financial professional about your own situation. A Collaborative professional can help you decide if Collaborative Practice is the right alternative for you and your family.

Source: International Academy of Collaborative Professionals, www.collaborativepractice.com

By: Jaimee Johanning
Collaborative Practice Attorney

Sometimes Everyone Loses

As a collaborative attorney, I truly believe that the best people to make decisions for a family is that family.  When decisions are left up to a judge, both parties walk away feeling like they’ve lost.  Beyond the parties feeling a sense of loss, the parties’ extended family members; friends; and, most importantly, their children are losers when a couple goes through a trial.

Years ago, I tried a case to a Judge confident that the court would make the right decision for my client and her family.  My client, I’ll call her Alice, had the facts and the law on her side.  She was well-educated, hardworking and a devoted parent.  She also benefited from having good insight and a remarkable ability to articulate her position.  How could Alice not get the relief that she was asking?  

Alice’s story started when she moved from her hometown of Des Moines, Iowa to Omaha, Nebraska to complete her residency training.  Although Omaha was not her first choice of locations for her residency program, she was happy about the prospects that Omaha held for her and her family.  At the time of her move, four years prior to our trial, she had two children under the age of four and one on the way.  Her husband, a computer software engineer, quickly found work in Omaha at a technology company.  The family made an easy, quick transition to life in Omaha.  

Alice intended to participate in a Hematology/Oncology fellowship for three years following the completion of her residency program.  During her final year of residency, Alice started looking more closely at the fellowship programs.  She began interviewing all around the country in hopes of finding a program that would be the perfect fit for her and her young family.  During the months of interviewing for a fellowship position, her husband abruptly filed for divorce.  This came as a complete shock to Alice.  Sure, Alice and her husband had been having problems.  But Alice assumed that their problems were caused by the stress of having three young children and both working demanding jobs.  She didn’t realize that her husband was ready to call it quits and get a divorce.  To make matters worse, Alice was served with the Complaint while at work.

Alice found me shortly after she was served with the Complaint for Dissolution.  When she realized that her husband intended to prevent Alice from moving out of state with their children to complete her fellowship, she stopped applying to fellowship programs.  Alice was crushed that the man that she married; the father to her children would be so cruel and heartless.  Alice had worked her whole life toward her intended career and suddenly to Alice, it felt as though everything was crashing down around her.  Alice couldn’t attempt to match with a fellowship program as there were no guarantees that her choice of location would be where she landed.  There was no way that Alice was willing to live in a different state than her children.  

Alice quickly attempted to get her husband to agree to use collaborative for  their dissolution.  Alice understood that they would maintain power over their case; it would cost them less; and they’d be able to formulate a plan for their family’s future together.  Alice was a self proclaimed planner and the idea of not knowing anything about her future was beyond stressful.  Alice knew that she and her husband were the best people to decide where their children would live; what parenting time each would enjoy; and how their marital estate should be divided.  In addition, Alice was a private person and was less than thrilled about having a public record about her divorce and understood that collaborative offered more discretion than litigation. 

Unfortunately, Alice’s husband refused to even consider the option of collaborative law.  He was certain that litigation was the best way forward.  He had already retained an attorney and that attorney was not trained in the collaborative model.  Because collaborative is voluntary, Alice couldn’t use collaborative for her divorce.  She’d have to go through the litigation route.

Alice’s case lagged on for nearly a year.  During that time, Alice had to build a potential future for herself and her children back in Des Moines and also keep the options in Omaha open in case the court denied her request to return with her children to Des Moines.  She attempted on multiple occasions to offer her husband a settlement that she thought was fair.  At the very least, Alice hoped to keep the dissolution amicable for their children.

Alice’s husband and his attorney had other ideas.  Alice and her husband appeared incapable of agreeing on anything.  The couple had three separate temporary hearings.  They were unable to agree on who should remain in the marital home, whether or not Alice should be able to spend Christmas with the children, and their temporary parenting schedule.  Alice and her husband attempted mediation, as required, and reached a resolution as to custody and parenting time.  However, Alice’s husband’s attorney objected to nearly whole plan.  Certainly, I’m biased as I represented Alice but the whole time, it appeared as though Alice’s husband was incapable of making even the slightest compromise without his attorney’s blessing.  This back and forth resulted in hours of litigation; thousands of dollars in attorney’s fees; and an immeasurable amount of damage to their co-parenting relationship.

Alice’s husband refused to even consider any possibility that would allow his children to return to live in Des Moines.  Alice couldn’t fathom a future in Omaha where she had no family and few remaining friends.  

In the end, trial to a Judge was necessary.  The trial was full of baseless accusations and inflammatory statements aimed at painting a picture to the Judge that Alice had been absent from her children during her time in residency.  Alice’s husband called his extended family members; neighbors; and mutual friends to testify that he was a better father than she was a mother.  During trial, Alice’s husband’s real motive came to light.  Alice’s husband mistakenly believed that Alice had an affair during their marriage.  Alice was fuming.  Not only was this belief false, her husband’s misconception had led to Alice’s emotional torture.  

In collaborative, such accusations would likely have been vented and dealt with during the process.  Regardless of whether Alice had an affair, the collaborative team would have worked with the couple to assist them in communicating with each other about their feelings and thoughts about this perceived act of mistrust.    

At the conclusion of the trial, Alice and I felt good about her prospects.  She had a great job opportunity, house and her extended family waiting for her in Des Moines.  We both felt confident that the Judge would agree that Alice and her children should be allowed to relocate to Des Moines.
I knew the ramifications for Alice and her family was going to be life long. I was shocked when I got the court’s ruling months later.  To my disbelief, the court ruled against Alice and granted the relief that her former husband had requested.  Not only did the court’s ruling determined Alice’s parenting time with her three children; it also dictated in what city she would raise her children and what job she would take.  The amount of impact that this Judge was afforded to make for Alice’s future is remarkable.  

Although Alice felt like she had lost, so did her former husband and most importantly, her children.  Alice and her former husband started the divorce process still speaking to each other and on relatively good terms.  Remember, Alice didn’t even know that her husband wanted a divorce.  After thousands of dollars; months of emotional turmoil; and the involvement of family members, neighbors and colleagues; Alice and her former husband were no longer able to have a meaningful conversation about anything.  They both felt like they’d been wronged by the other. Their neighbors, friends and extended family members were also brought into the divorce.  They took sides and interjected their opinions to the parties throughout.  The biggest losers to this trial were Alice’s three young children.  The effects of this protracted litigation on this couple’s children are mostly unknown.  However, it is safe to say that the animosity that their parents feel toward one another will have ramifications for the rest of these kids’ lives.  

Hopefully, in time Alice and her former spouse will learn to work together to co-parent their children.  Had Alice and her former spouse been able to go through the collaborative process, the work toward co-parenting would have started from the beginning.  The collaborative process would have also affording Alice and her former husband the opportunity to gain valuable insight about their relationship, their children and their future. The collaborative process is all about providing divorcing or separating couples with the tools necessary to co-parent.  

If you know someone contemplating divorce, tell them about collaborative.  You never know the impact it could have on someone’s life.

By Jodie Haferbier McGill  Contact Jodie:  Jodie@McGillLawOmaha.com

Collaborative Divorce & Avoiding the Pitfalls of a Litigated Divorce

According to Forbes, the collaborative divorce process avoids one of the biggest drawbacks of a traditional case, which are the financial pitfalls that come along with a contested litigated divorce. 

One of the things that clients struggle with the most during their litigated divorce is how to make good financial decisions when emotions are running high.  In a litigated case, you can feel behind the eight ball if one spouse is surprised by the divorce and the other spouse has been planning the separation for a period of time. An untimely court filing can leave the opposing spouse in a wake of emotional turmoil.  This emotional turmoil impacts the ability to make solid and rational decisions regarding issues that would otherwise be straightforward to the court. 

According to Forbes, the collaborative divorce process can avoid the risk of financial ruin that can be caused by litigation.  The process is more dignified, private, and less costly than a litigated divorce.

In a collaborative divorce, spouses negotiate an acceptable agreement with professional guidance and support.  The parties utilize a trusted team of experts to assist the couple in making good financial decisions, while minimizing emotional turbulence in the divorce process. 

Good financial decision-making and raw emotions rarely mix well, which is why the collaborative framework is so valuable.  The collaborative process sets spouses up for success by providing them with trusted experts to help them make good financial decisions and help them manage their emotions in an open and supportive environment. 

To read the entire Forbes article on how collaborative divorce avoids the financial pitfalls of divorce, please click here.    

By:  Angela Lennon, Partner at Koenig│Dunne, PC, LLO at www.koenigdunne.com.

Stress and Divorce

Once a person decides to divorce, prepare for an increase in stress level.  Perhaps you have been stressed leading up to this decision, experiencing conflict with your spouse, while trying to make this all-important decision. 

With collaborative divorce the hope is to ameliorate some of the stress by cutting down on the unknowns and decreasing some of the conflict.  However, divorce is a major life change and there will be unknowns. There may be a move from one home to another.  Big and little decisions will have to be made, i.e, where to move what furniture to take or buy, what about jobs, health insurance, cars, what to tell children and other family members.  Emotions will come into play.  One spouse may be sad or angry.  The other may be relieved but feel guilt for the other spouse and family members.

It’s important to recognize this as a very challenging and stressful time, and to take some measures to reduce one’s stress level whenever possible.  Stress can take a toll on our bodies, brains and emotions.  Your brain begins to release a “fight, flight, freeze” chemical.  This floats around in your brain and body likely to cause stress-related issues such as anxiety, depression, headaches, or stomach problems.  You may notice more frequent colds or flu.  This happens because the immune system is compromised by stress.

Here are some ideas to help reduce your stress levels:

1)    Exercise, exercise, exercise!  Take the time even a few minutes will help, walk down the stairs a few times, walk the dog.

2)    Consider a meditation or yoga class.

3)    Learn some simple deep breathing methods, something you can do in a few moments or longer.  There are apps available for this as well as for calming music. 

4)    Most importantly, get adequate sleep, eat regularly, keep a routine if at all possible.

5)    Rely on close friends and family for conversation as well as help with tasks.  People are usually eager to help when they know what is needed. 

6)    Stay current with your physician to monitor any medical issues you may have.

7)    Seek out a therapist to talk with regularly.

During the collaborative divorce process, you will see a divorce coach at least once.  While this person is a trained mental health practitioner, they will not act as your therapist but will help you deal with the current emotions you may be experiencing.  This person can also help you think of ways to decrease your stress level. 

Finally, notice your thinking patterns.  We can “think” ourselves into stress and anxiety with catastrophic thoughts.  Remind yourself this will not be the end of the world.  You can survive and have a life after divorce, just a different one.  Change can bring new growth.

Scotti Thralls, LCSW, LIMHP

Divorce Coach